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What Is a Tech Stack and How To Choose the Best One for Your Business?

Dawid Pacholczyk 3622ceab56
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20/10/2022 |

6 min read

Dawid Pacholczyk,

Dominika Reszke

There are many conditions that need to be fulfilled to make a software development project successful, but a carefully selected tech stack is indisputably one of the most important aspects. The set of tools used is vital for the final result in any discipline, and building powerful web or mobile applications is no exception here.

But as software development progresses lightning-fast, there are hundreds of programming languages, frameworks, and other development tools out there, with new ones added regularly. And because this selection is so huge, making the right decision in terms of the appropriate technology stack may be very problematic.

Of course, different tech stacks need to be used for different use cases and there are some general rules concerning selecting particular tech stack components. In this article, we’ll shed light on some of the popular tech stacks and write about choosing the best ones for a given project or business.

 

Table of contents:

  1. Technology stacks in brief
  2. How to choose the best tech stack?
  3. Why is the right tech stack selection important?
  4. Technology stack – final comments

Technology stacks in brief

Let’s start with the tech stack meaning. 

A technology stack may be described as a set of different tools for the development and further maintenance of an application or another digital project, be it web or mobile. Sometimes it is also referred to as a tech stack, solutions stack, or – mistakingly – a software stack.

The independent digital tools that constitute a technology stack can be numerous libraries, frameworks, databases, a programming language, a web server, an operating system, or third-party software. They may cover frontend technologies, backend technologies, as well as full-stack ones.

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A technology stack can be defined as a set of tools used in the creation and ongoing maintenance of a web or mobile application or other digital project.

In general, tech stacks help an organization in achieving business goals and handling daily tasks, like supporting the execution of iOS apps or Android apps. They can also be meant specifically for some one-off, major endeavors – like designing and building digital products and services, e.g. an online marketplace or a social network.

Tech stack examples

Some tech stack examples include:

  • an open-source software stack
  • a cloud infrastructure stack
  • a backend tech stack
  • a frontend tech stack
  • a storage stack
  • a martech stack (marketing technology stack)

How to choose the best tech stack?

There are many tech stacks software developers can choose from. Let’s have a quick look at the solutions before moving on to the questions you should ask before selecting a set of solutions for your particular project.

Popular tech stacks

Popular tech stacks for frontend development are often based on JavaScript (which offers a huge number of frameworks) but the number of available technologies is ever-increasing. Apart from JavaScript, a commonly used front-end tech stack consists of technologies such as CSS, HTML (with Bootstrap, Material UI, or Bulma frameworks), Angular, React, Vue, and TypeScript. They are often chosen by software developers who want the UI of web pages that they work on more interactive.

Some of the frequently used backend technologies are, for example, Linux and Windows operating systems, Node.js, MySQL, MongoDB, PHP, Ruby, Java, Python, C#, Spring, .NET Core, Django, Laravel, and Apache.

To make things more simple, some full-stack groups of solutions have been distinguished and given names. Here, the popular tech stack list includes:

  • LAMP stack (JavaScript + Linux, Apache, MySQL, and PHP)
  • MEAN stack (JavaScript + MongoDB, Express, AngularJS, and Node.js)
  • Django    stack (JavaScript + Django, Python, and MySQL)

What to consider when choosing your tech stack?

But why exactly should you put attention to the proper selection of technology stack for your project? Well, the quality and smooth cooperation of particular components can truly make a difference when it comes to the final digital product’s functioning, maintenance, possibility to scale, data storage (cloud or on-premises), and many other important areas.

What you chose previously, what competitors did or what you’ve quickly found over the web may not be the best option here. Instead, the factors that you should take into account include:

  • Does this tool kit address the problem that you want to solve?
  • What are the tech stack’s development and maintenance costs?
  • What is the timeline of the project?
  • How large and advanced is your project, and do you really need sophisticated tools to handle it?
  • Is your software team fluent in particular technologies or able to learn them fast enough?
  • What security level do particular tools and technologies provide?
  • Is the tech tool kit you’re thinking about supported sufficiently?
  • Has it proven to be useful over a long time?
  • Are the technologies within the stack popular? (as this could reduce time to market)
  • Do you wish your project to scale fast? (as only some stacks enable this)

When choosing a tech stack for a given project, you should also keep in mind that there are no perfect matches in this regard. For this reason, you simply have to take all pros and cons into consideration before making a final decision.

Why is the right tech stack selection important?

Virtually every development project involves a significant amount of time, money, and other resources. 

The right tech stack can make mobile apps or web pages that you build run faster and smoother. It can also maximize the efficiency of developers who work on the product. Mitigating the development risks involved in building and launching a software product is another thing of huge importance.

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Building mobile apps or websites can go more quickly and smoothly with the right tech stack.

Other advantages include being more suitable to and limiting time to market, providing end users with digital products that are more competitive and viable – of better quality and UX, more foolproof and reliable, as well as offering scalability possibilities, and great support.

Technology stack – final comments

The best tech stack is not something easy to describe as it’s not set in stone and depends on a particular use case. There are many common tech stacks in use that are to make the lives of software developers a little easier, and their digital products – much better. However, only carefully selected ones are able to cope with these tasks.

For this reason, every development team should make an effort before choosing the right combo for a given case. Of course, every case is different and remember that, like with medicines and treatments, what brought relief in your friend’s case, can be detrimental in yours.

In-depth market expertise, as well as profound experience, are needed to single out the best options from what tech stacks currently have to offer. The word „currently” is crucial in this regard because digital technologies change lightning-fast and what could have been called a „modern tech stack” a year or two ago, can now be regarded as obsolete and insufficient.

Want to realize a successful development project, minimize business risks, and accelerate your organization’s growth? Choose the best stack possible for your company with market professionals and contact Codete now.

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Dawid Pacholczyk 3622ceab56

Dawid Pacholczyk

Consulting Manager at Codete with over 15 years of experience in the IT sector and a strong technical background. Seasoned in working with multinational companies. Ph.D. student and lecturer at Polish-Japanese Academy of IT, focused on software architecture, software development and management.

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Dominika Reszke

IT Content Writer with 12 years of professional writing experience. Prefers facts and figures to any kind of fiction.

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